Fiji is an island country that can be found out in the South Pacific Ocean, approximately 1,300 miles north of New Zealand. This archipelago has more than 800 islands that cover approximately one million square miles. This country was under British colonial rule for nearly a century before it claimed its independence back in 1970.
Here are a few other facts on the people and the country of Fiji:
Facts on Fiji Island
The capital city of Fiji is Suva and it is the largest city in the country as well. Suva can be found on the southeastern coast of Viti Levu, which happens to be the country’s largest island. Viti Levu is home to approximately eighty percent of the country’s population.
The big islands of Fiji are volcanic and there are numerous mountains on them. The smaller islands are considered coral islands. Fiji has a tropical climate, as well as a varying amount of rainfall. The mountainous area has dense forests, while the coastal areas are filled with dense mangrove forests. Over in the west, you will find savannas.
Facts on Fiji People
When it comes to race, the island of Fiji is quite diverse. Native Fijians are mainly of the Melanesian race. The Indian population, of which half the island is, are descendants of field workers who the British brought over to the island many years ago. These people operate most of the sugar plantations on the islands, despite the fact that they are not allowed to own any of the land.
While English is the official language of Fiji, the locals also have their own native language. The Indians speak a Hindi dialect. Approximately eighty-five percent of Fijians are Christian Methodists, while the Indian population practices Hinduism. However, twenty percent of Indians practice Muslim. You will also find Chinese and Caucasian minorities in this country.
Facts on Fiji Agriculture
Fiji has an agricultural economy and the main product that is exported is sugarcane. In fact, sugarcane represents eighty percent of the products that are produced on the islands. Other top exports include coconut and ginger. You will also find rice, sweet potatoes, and cassava growing in the fields, but those are normally used for food by the locals.
Facts on Fiji Industries
Tourism also boosts the economy in Fiji even though there has been some political tension throughout history. Despite the two coups back in 1987, hundreds of thousands of people visit the islands every year. The sugarcane production was affected at that time as well, but it is currently in the process of improving once again.
The leading mineral product in Fiji is gold. A few of the other important industries include garments, consumer goods, and food products. This country is in the process of developing and diversifying their manufacturing and industrial sectors, so you can expect to see this list to grow in the future. Fishing is one of the industries that has been growing in leaps and bounds, as has oil exploration and timber production.